Buda Castle

Rising 48 meters above the Danube, looming over the neighbouring Pest is Castle Hill dominating the city of Budapest. Located on Castle hill is the Buda Castle and its fantastic panoramic view over the Danube. Buda Castle was built in the 13th century following the Mongol invasion and for centuries it housed the kings and queens of Hungary. The beautiful grounds are open to the public and inside visitors can access many museums, such as the National Gallery, the National Library and the Historical Museum.

Buda Castle has been attacked, destroyed and rebuilt several times. The castle reached its golden age in the 15th century, during the rule of King Matthias. Very little remains of the original from the 15th century, as the buildings were almost completely demolished when Budapest was recaptured after the Turkish ruled. A new palace was built by King Charles III of Habsburg. The palace was extended by hi daughter, Maria Theresa, but the great fire of 1810 and the attack of the castle during the Hungarian rising destroyed much of the new palace. After the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867, a new wing and central domed structure were added. At the end of W.W.II, the complex was damaged again by fire and once again restored.

Today, Castle Hill is recognized as a World Heritage Site since 1987. Although Castle Hill has changed much since building began in the 13th century, its cobblestone streets still follow their medieval paths. It is also a residential area and some houses date back to the 14th and 15th centuries. Almost every house has a plaque indicating the century in which it was built, and providing details of its history. This area has become restricted to only pedestrians although only people who live and work here are allowed to drive and public transportation is available.

The Buda Castle also host an annual wine and beer festival. You can go here to find more information: http://www.budapestfestivals.com/budapest-wine-festival

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